For collectors during the boom of the 1980s, few sights were more drool-inducing than a huge stack of 1978 Topps baseball cards.
It wasn’t that the design blew us away — every year after 1982 offered up at least one set among the Big 3 that looked better.
It also wasn’t due to some sense of nostalgia, longing for the days when Topps ruled the roost alone and long-lost legends roamed the diamond. Except for a very few holdout curmudgeons, everyone loved the newfound variety and wanted more, more, more.
No, aside from a couple of future Hall of Famers — Brooks Robinson and Lou Brock — the heroes we collected in the early 1980s weren’t much different than the ones we had chased in 1978. Notable exceptions were young players who entered mid-career as the hobby blossomed.
As it turned out, many of those standouts made their cardboard debuts in the 1978 Topps set, which positioned it as a prime target for our latent treasure hunts.
You just never knew when Ken Clay or Jerry Tabb might take that step up to superstardom, after all.
Scripted for Success
Topps, of course, was already a superstar in the world of baseball cards in 1978. In fact, they were still the only player on the field, though, unknown to most collectors, forces were in play that would change all that within three years.
But in that year that saw three Popes, Topps could have slopped together any old design and we would have continued to worship at their cardboard altar. Instead, they rolled out an understated motif that belied the garish, disco-fueled era in which it was produced.
Each card front is dominated by a large full-color photo of the player surrounded by thin color piping. In the lower left corner, the team name is printed in script lettering, usually in one of the club’s colors. The player’s name is printed in black block letters in the bottom white border and his position appears in a small baseball in the upper righthand corner of the photo.
Even the usual Topps white border was a tad slimmer than usual, leaving the cards with a simple, uncluttered look that kept our focus on the players.
The only other design elements — aside from the “special” cards listed below — were All-Star shields and Rookie All-Star trophies for players so honored.
Had Topps been able to ratchet up its photo quality to, say, 1983 levels, the 1978 set might be considered a classic. Without the push of competition, however, The Old Gum company “treated” us to tons of of head shots and posed “action” stills, dingy and/or grainy images, and at least two of the most comically bad airbrushing treatments of all time. Greg Minton (#312) would have been at home in the 1953 Topps set, and poor old Mike Paxton (#216) looks like he stepped into one of those horrid boardwalk cutouts where you can be immortalized on Polaroid stock as a mermaid or a pig farmer for your kids’ delight.
“Step right up — YOU can be the next cartoon player for the Boston Red Sox!”
There is no airbrushing on card backs, but there is plenty in the orange, blue, and gray design to let you know you’re looking at a Topps issue.
Each horizontal back starts with the card number inside a small blue box the upper righthand corner. Next to that are two lines of biographical and vital information, and beneath that is the heart of the thing: complete major and minor league statistics. Where space allows, Topps includes a paragraph of text detailing career highlights under the stats block.
The bottom band shows the team name, player’s name, and position.
Topps tried to encourage interactions with their ’78 issue through a feature dubbed “Play Ball” and situated in a rectangle next to the player stats. Each card features one baseball “play” — fly out on Von Joshua’s #102, for example — allowing two players to work through a full nine-inning game if they so desired.
In an unusual fit of humility, the Topps logo doesn’t appear anywhere on their 1978 topps cards. Maybe it was actually hubris — “We’re the ONLY baseball cards out there” — but I prefer to think TCG decided not to muck up their design by shoehorning in a piece of branding where it doesn’t really fit.
Rookie Stars that Really Were
Of course, in the rookie-crazed hobby of the 1980s, design hardly mattered. If there were a big-time first-year player, or even the promise of rookie gold, we were in.
By the time the hobby really started to boom in the mid 1980s, the 1978 Topps had already been marked as a repository of known treasure and potential treasure.
Eddie Murray finished second in AL MVP voting in both 1982 and 1983, and he had won the Rookie of the Year award in 1977. His moody personality may have turned off some fans and collectors, but we still wanted his #36 RC in the ’78 set.
In 1984, the Detroit Tigers unseated Murray’s Baltimore Orioles as both American League and World Series champions, led by a bevy of stars entering their prime years. Among those were 1978 Topps rookie-card standouts Jack Morris (#703), Lou Whitaker (#704), and Alan Trammell (#707).
This was the era of multi-player rookies, and Trammell shared his debut pasteboard with the talented but fragile Paul Molitor, who teased fans with flashes of brilliance throughout the Eighties but couldn’t seem to stay on the field for more than a few games at a time.
A move out of Milwaukee and into the DH slot later in his career helped Molitor shore up his health and put up the numbers that landed him in the Hall of Fame in 2004. In one of the greatest HOF oversights, Trammell remained on the Cooperstown outsiders list for far too long. He’s in now, though, and their combined RC depicts more future talent than any piece of cardboard could rightfully expect to embody.
Meanwhile, two-time NL MVP Dale Murphy was back for his second stint as a Rookie Catcher, sharing space this time around with Detroit signal caller Lance Parrish on #708.
And these were just a few of the guys we knew were stars by the middle of the 1980s. The 1978 Topps set was a well that we went back to again and again in
search of rookie cards of the guys who carried their teams in the new decade, and our pail seldom came up dry.
Among the other rookies who made a splash, at least for awhile, between their issue in 1978 and the dawn of the 21st Century were: Art Howe (#13), Floyd Bannister (#39), Mitchell Page (#55), Willie Hernandez (#99), Dave Rozema (#124), Steve Henderson (#134), Warren Brusstar (#297), Rick Langford (#327), Tony Scott (#352), Mario Soto (#427), Jim Clancy (#496), Donnie Moore (#523), Bob Knepper (#589), Thad Bosley (#619), Moose Haas (#649), and Julio Cruz (#687).
Aside from Howe, other manager “rookie cards” were Joe Altobelli (#256), Vern Rapp (#324), and Dave Garcia (#656).
At 726 cards, the one-series 1978 Topps set was their largest issue since 1972, and they needed every inch of that cardboard to fit in all the promising rookies.
Of course, first-year players were NOT the main focus of Topps sets in the 1970s, despite the evidence presented here.
Among the future Hall of Famers showing their mugs in the 1978 set are Pete Rose (#20), Lou Brock (#170), Reggie Jackson (#200), Mike Schmidt (#360), Nolan Ryan (#400), Tom Seaver (#450), Steve Carlton (#540), and Brooks Robinson (#4) — a record-breaker that is his last appearance in a regular-issue set.
Even back in 1978, collectors wanted variety beyond the star-and-11-commons wax pack experience that was the norm. Topps was glad to oblige, treating us to the typical run of subsets and special cards.
Among the off-standard offerings were:
- Record Breakers – #s 1-6
- Team Cards/Checklists – one for each team, starting with the Chicago White Sox at #66
- Checklists – starting at #74; six in total
- Manager Cards – one for each team, starting with Darrell Johnson at #79
- League Leaders – #s 201-208
- Playoff and World Series Highlights – #s 276-277
- Multiplayer Rookie Cards (by position) – #s 701-711
The ’78 set also reintroduced collectors to another “special” concept: double prints.
Because Topps expanded its offering from 660 cards in 1977 to 726 in 1978 but kept the size of its printing sheets the same at 132 cards, the set didn’t fit evenly on its six sheets. As a result, 66 cards were issued twice as often as their brethren, with double prints running the gamut from superstars like Rose and AL Cy Young winner Ron Guidry (#135) to lesser lights like Darold Knowles (#414).
If you prefer to think of your baseball cards as precious gems that set you apart as a collector (and we’ve all been there), then you might take a different point of view and convince yourself that the other 660 cards in the set were short printed.
Or you could just pursue …
Skewed Perfection and Blemished Flawlessness
The truth is that there is nothing too daunting about building a complete set of 1978 Topps baseball cards unless you are the type of hobbyist who wants your cards to be perfect.
Then, you definitely have your work “cut” out for you.
Some sets have inherent and apparent condition problems, usually related to black borders or Chiclet borders or cotton-ball soft card stock. For Topps cards of the 1970s, these are in addition to the common bugaboos of wax and gum stains, and the loving infliction of rubber band marks.
Then there are “special” issues like the 1978s that present condition nightmares out of all proportion with any layout-induced flaws.
Even though blessed by a simple and relatively clean design, 1978 Topps is one of the toughest of all sets to find consistently in top grades.
Most of the problems “center” around miscut cards and black printing smudges on card fronts. It’s a problem that has been observed colloquially for decades and which Kevin Glew at PSA detailed 10 years ago.
If you’ve ever thumbed through stacks of 1978 Topps, it might have seemed that every other card is either off-center or diamond cut — which might sound sexy but leaves the image and design elements catawampus on their cardboard rectangle homes.
And the smudges! Have you ever seen a Molitor (or Trammell) rookie without black print marks marring “Rookie Shortstops”? If so, then you’re one of the few.
According to the PSA Population Report, Ryan is probably the toughest of all cards to find in GEM MINT condition, with less than 1% of all submissions attaining that grade, which is why copies graded even MINT regularly sell for around $2500 on eBay. Longtime collectors will tell you that Terry Forster
(#347) and Vern Ruhle (#456) are tough nuts to crack, too.
Get Your Smudges Here!
Regardless of how flawed the issue was, collectors were eager to get their hands on 1978 Topps baseball cards when that hideous winter finally yielded to Spring.
As was the case through most of the 1970s and 1980s, we could get our fix in a variety of forms: wax packs, cello packs, rack packs, vending boxes.
There were also a few more exotic outlets for hobbyists to explore that summer.
If you had a Canadian connection or indulgent parents willing to take on a Great Northern road trip, you might have been able to score some O-Pee-Chee cards, complete with orange-flavored gum and cream-colored card stock. Otherwise, the OPC cards were pretty much identical to their Topps counterparts, though the Canadian set contained only 242 cards.
If you lived in Houston, Detroit, Arlington, or New York, and had a hankering for Whoppers, you might have also collected the Burger King issue for your local team. Also produced by Topps and sporting the same design as the base set, BK cards have been a source of confusion for collectors for 40 years.
Topps also teamed up with Zest to produce a, ahem, clean set of five cards to be sold by the soap maker. Identical to the base set aside from bilingual backs, Zest cards were issued in 5-card cello packs.
If you want to include ALL of those options in your 1978 Topps master set, you have a pretty good challenge ahead of you and a list of about 1100 cards.
For completeness, you might also want to add the Bump Wills “black circle” error card (#23). Issued a year before Wills’ Blue Jays/Rangers fiasco in 1979, this one looks like a proofer drew a black circle onto Bump’s 1978 card and then forgot to remove it … until a later printing, that is. Even though it’s considered pretty scarce by most collectors, the 1978 Topps Bump Wills error card rarely brings more than $20 on the open market these days.
Get Them All
That Wills card is not the only reasonably priced cardboard in the 1978 Topps issue.
You can pick up nice, ungraded copies of the Ryan card for around $5 or $10, and stars like Pete Rose and Reggie Jackson often tip the scales at a buck or three.
And even the ballyhooed rookie cards can be yours for under $20 in solid ungraded condition.
You can go about as expensive as you want with the 1978s, too. Expect to pay several tens of grands for a PSA 10 (GEM MINT) copy of any of the biggies, including Ryan, Molitor/Trammell, or Murray.
Still, you can usually find nice NM-MT or better ungraded complete sets for around $200, and that slides to a bit further if you are willing to accept nice but slightly less nice specimens.
Topps also produced enough of their 1978 baseball cards that you won’t have much trouble finding unopened product today, and you can land wax packs for around $45 each.
A Bygone Era Still Visible in the Rearview
By the fall of 1978, the resurgent New York Yankees had won their second World Series title in two years and seemed on the verge of the next great Yankee dynasty. They did make it back to the Fall Classic, but it would be 18 long years — for Bronx fans, anyway — before NY would win it all again, and the world was very different when the Core Four began their magical run.
As the hobby began its own rise to national prominence in the early 1980s, many of us were coming in cold. The idea that there had been only one card company just a few years earlier was as foreign as the concept of a world without the designated hitter.
In that setting, 1978 Topps baseball cards were downright exotic. Sure, they were drab and unimaginative to the young collector’s eye, but they were also ancient artifacts of an unknowable era when men named Brooks played for one team forever and when Pete Rose banged out hit after hit for the Cincinnati Reds.
So, even though we’re all about the new and shiny, and even though we weren’t looking for nostalgia, the 1978 Topps baseball cards still called to us. They were a time capsule salted away in our big brothers’ abandoned shoe boxes, just waiting for us to work up the nerve to dust them off and uncover their treasures.
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Still one of my favorite sets. First one I ever completed. Done from packs and playground trades. Excellent story, but you left out #201-250 in your checklist.
Thanks for reading, and for the heads-up! Checklist should be fixed … I just didn’t want anyone to get too excited about that Gene Tenace card!
One of my favorite sets also – part of ’77-79 run. And have 80% of the O-P-C cards — another productive vacation in Canada that summer, with WHA hockey cards still on some candy racks to add to take-home stash.
Your vacations rocked! I remember finding some 1984 Donruss rack packs in a drugstore that summer while we were traveling. I was in heaven.
I have come across a Roy Howell (1978 Topps) #394 where the top part of the card is printed on the bottom – as if the print was off when cutting. Rare?
Probably technically rare since there won’t be many of them in circulation. Generally will be considered a miscut (as you mention) by most folks, though there might be some interest by player collectors if the bottom card were a superstar and enough were showing to readily identify him. A good example is this Pete Rose/Phil Garner miscut from the same set (1978 Topps) that sold recently on eBay.
Fun stuff, but probably not all that valuable.
Has anyone ever heard of having a miscut card with extra cardboard? I measured one of the “big ones” and the dimensions have a wider top; if this were to be cut (don’t worry, not going to, lol) then it would be still be centered. I can’t find any information on “extra cardboarded” miscuts, and I wondered if y’all had any info. Thanks!
Most likely just a malfunction during the printing process. Interesting history pieces, but probably not a whole lot of extra value, if any.
Hated the 78 set. 77 was my first year collecting and loved the 77 set. The first time I opened a pack of 78, I was SO disappointed. I still bought the packs and bought the complete set (just bought another one) but not my favorite. Great article though! 🙂
Thanks. I remember loving 83, 84, 85 Topps and then being disappointed by 86. Tough when it feels like the cards take a step backwards.